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The Territorial Climate and Energy Plans


In order for administrations and urban territories to assess their exposure to climate change and rising fossil fuel prices, and act locally to curb the global warming process, the French Agency for the Environment and Energy Management (ADEME) has developed the Territorial Climate and Energy Plan, largely based on the Bilan Carbone® methodology.

The Territorial Climate and Energy Plan (TCEP) is a comprehensive guideline and methodology designed for territories to achieve sustainable development with two primary objectives:


  1. A mitigation policy to limit the impacts of the territory on the climate by strongly defining dividing its green house gas (GHG) emissions, following established objectives;

  2. An adaptation policy to reduce the vulnerability of the territory to the actual and potential impacts of climate change already set in motion.


The mitigation policy aspect of the TCEP is designed to limit the impact of a territory on the climate by reducing its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. It concentrates on high impact areas such as efficiency in energy use, development of renewable sources of energy, reduced production of waste, increased recycling, and transportation policies. Pursuing these objectives would also lead to reduce the operating costs considering a trend of increasing prices of energy and raw materials. Therefore, this policy will assist local authorities in ensuring unhampered provision of public services.

Given the unavoidable impacts of present and future climate change, the adaptation policy aspect of the TCEP aim to reduce a territory's vulnerability to this new situation. It involves considering the climatic evolution in long-term decision-making (urban planning, infrastructure designing and operation, conversion of activities closely linked to climatic conditions) and preparing the citizens to new living conditions. It also involves the management of natural, economic and health risks.

The TCEP is mainly characterized by its ambitious goal set to implement reductions of GHG emissions, and the adaptation of a territory, within defined time constraints. In France, TCPs work towards reaching the European "3 times 20" before 2020 in a first phase - while planning a division by 4 of all French GHG emissions by 2050.

Why implement a TCEP?

  • To structure and grant visibility to local authority action faced with the climate change challenge. Objectives are fixed, and a plan of action to achieve them is defined, such as measures necessary to reduce GHG emissions in all areas of the economy and daily life of the citizens;

  • For economic benefits (lessened vulnerability of the territory to any increase in fossil fuel prices, greater employment opportunities, lower energy bills...) as well as social ones (better quality of life, continuity in public service ensured by the local authority, less energy precariousness...).


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